The first recognized anime is generally considered to be “Katsudō Shashin” (also known as “Katsudō Shashin Benshi Kurutta Ippeiji” or “The Moving Picture”), which was created by the Japanese filmmaker and animator, Ōten Shimokawa. It was released in 1907 and consisted of a two-minute clip featuring a boy writing the Chinese characters for “moving pictures” on a board.
While “Katsudō Shashin” is often regarded as the first anime, it is important to note that the term “anime” wasn’t commonly used until several decades later. Over time, anime evolved and became a prominent form of entertainment in Japan and gained international recognition.
“Katsudō Shashin” had a significant impact on the development of animation in Japan and laid the foundation for the anime industry. Here are some of its notable impacts:
- Pioneering Animation: “Katsudō Shashin” was the first known example of animation in Japan. It demonstrated the potential of combining sequential images to create the illusion of movement, inspiring future animators and filmmakers to explore the medium further.
- Technological Advancements: The creation of “Katsudō Shashin” required innovative techniques and equipment. Ōten Shimokawa used a stop-motion animation technique, manually photographing each frame. This experimentation with animation techniques and technology paved the way for future advancements in the field.
- Cultural Significance: “Katsudō Shashin” reflected the changing cultural landscape in Japan during the early 20th century. It showcased the influence of Western culture and technology, as well as the growing interest in visual storytelling. This cultural shift set the stage for the anime industry to flourish.
- Influence on Future Animators: The success and recognition of “Katsudō Shashin” inspired many aspiring animators to pursue animation as a career. It served as a precursor to the works of other influential animators and studios, contributing to the growth of the anime industry.
- Historical Milestone: “Katsudō Shashin” holds historical significance as the first recognized anime. It marked the beginning of a rich and diverse animation tradition in Japan that has since become a globally recognized and appreciated art form.
While “Katsudō Shashin” may not have had an immediate widespread impact, its existence and innovation laid the groundwork for the development and evolution of animation in Japan, leading to the vibrant anime industry we know today.
Unfortunately, it is highly unlikely that you can find the original “Katsudō Shashin” film since it was created in 1907, over a century ago. Due to the passage of time and limited preservation efforts at that time, many early films, including “Katsudō Shashin,” have been lost or are in a deteriorated state.
However, some fragments or still images of “Katsudō Shashin” may exist in historical archives or museums dedicated to preserving early animation. You may want to explore the archives of film institutions or museums in Japan, such as the National Film Center of the National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo, or the National Diet Library.
If you’re interested in studying the history of animation and “Katsudō Shashin” specifically, you can also find scholarly articles, books, or documentaries that discuss its significance and impact on the animation industry.
Additionally, there have been attempts to recreate or reimagine “Katsudō Shashin” based on available information and historical records. These recreations may be available for viewing in certain animation exhibitions or events that focus on the history of animation.